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英语第二册语法总结:被动语态

2016-09-06 09:35 作者: 来源: 本站 浏览: 1,171 次 我要评论英语第二册语法总结:被动语态已关闭评论 字号:

摘要: 何时应用被动语态: (1)强调动作的接收者:America was discovered by Columbus. (2)不知谁是动作的履行者:You are wanted on the phone. (3)作客不雅解释:It is said that the...

何时应用被动语态:
(1)强调动作的接收者:America was discovered by Columbus.
(2)不知谁是动作的履行者:You are wanted on the phone.
(3)作客不雅解释:It is said that the meeting has been put off.
(经典句型)
主动变被动的根本办法:(说起来轻易,控制起来须要居心!)
(1)主动语态中的宾语变为被动语态的主语。
(2)谓语动词变为由 be + 以前分词 的情势,配应时态作响应变更。
(3)主动语态主语置于介词 by之后,如无必须,则省略。
(4)不及物动词没有被动语态。
现 在 do (does) am / is / are + done
We keep the piano in the living-room.
The piano is kept in the living-room.
过 去 didwas / were + done
They built the bridge in 1980.
The bridge was built in 1980.
将,动词的用法有时候还经常张冠李戴,不能够自如地使用 来 will/shall do will/shall + be + done
He will read the book tomorrow.
The book will be read tomorrow.
如今完成 have/has done have/has + been + done
We have delivered the newspaper.
The newspapers have been delivered (by us).
以前完成 had done had been done
She had seen the film before she came here.
The film had been seen before she came here.
将来完成 will/shall have done will/shall have + been + done
By the end of this term we shall have finished 80 texts.
By the end of this term 80 texts will have been finished.
如今进行 am/is/are doing am/is/are + being + done
They are drawing the picture.
The picture is being drawn by them. /p
以进步行 was/were doing was/were + being + done
He was reviewing their lessons at this moment yesterday.
Their lessons were being reviewed at this moment yesterday.
情态动词 may may
can can
must must
should do should + be + done
ought toought to
used toused to
You must write an article on the subject.
An article must be written on the subject.
测试精编
1. Since the first space mission, many communication satellites ________.
A. was launched B. are launched C. have been launched D. had been launched
2. What kind of advice ________ you?
A,这些英语单词用法或许你真的不知道. has gave B. was gave C. had been given to D. has given
3. The slave ________ from morning till night.
A. madeto work B. was made working C. was made worked D. was made to work
4. The construction of the laboratory ________ by the end of July.
A. must be completing B. must complete
C. must have completed,主谓一致即谓语动词在人称和数上要和主语保持一致,主谓一致包括语法一致、意义一致和就近一致,语法一致即谓语动词在单复数形式上要和主语保持一致 D. must have been completed
5. Your proposal ________ by the committee soon.
A. is discussed B. has been discussed
C. is going to be discussed D. will have been discussed
(后设谜底,大年夜家不要偷看哦~(*^__^*) 嘻嘻)
KEYS
1. C
2. C
3. D
4. D
5. C

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